Leopard Center http://leopard-center.com/ Fri, 20 May 2022 13:45:57 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://leopard-center.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/leopard-center-icon-150x150.png Leopard Center http://leopard-center.com/ 32 32 Are elephants people? The New York High Court will decide https://leopard-center.com/are-elephants-people-the-new-york-high-court-will-decide/ Fri, 20 May 2022 13:45:57 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/are-elephants-people-the-new-york-high-court-will-decide/

Is this elephant legally considered a person? A non-profit animal rights organization says yes and now hopes to help free an elephant from New York’s most notorious zoo.

The New York Court of Appeals will decide whether the pachyderm will be moved to a much larger sanctuary at the request of the group. This could potentially open a huge door for even more legislature regarding basic human rights extended to animals. This could also include your own pets.

Non-profit group fights free elephant

ABC says the Nonhuman Rights Project hopes to break Happy the elephant out of what they call a “one-acre prison” at the Bronx Zoo. The NRP’s argument is that Happy became the first elephant to pass a self-awareness indicator test in 2005. ABC says Happy was able to repeatedly touch a white “x” on his forehead with his trunk.

Happy was born in Asia in the early 1970s and later transferred to the Bronx Zoo in 1977. Zoo officials say Happy lives in a large area of ​​the facility that provides all of her species’ needs to live a life. long and healthy. . The zoo accused the PNR of “blatant exploitation” of the elephant in an attempt to advance their “coordinated agenda”.

However, NRP lawyers say no matter how badly Happy appears to be treated, she deserves the right to “bodily liberty” under habeas corpus. If they can prove in court that she is, in fact, a person, then they say she should be released.

The same group fought over a chimpanzee that may have links to the HV

ABC says the NRP attempted to prove the animals are humans in the state’s lower courts, but did not prevail. One case includes a chimpanzee named Tommy, who some sources say was born in Amenia in the 1980s. According to their website, Tommy was found in a used trailer lot in Gloversville in the 2000s.

WATCH: Stunning photos of animals from around the world

From grazing Tibetan antelope to migrating monarch butterflies, these 50 photos of wildlife from around the world capture the stunning grace of the animal kingdom. The upcoming gallery expands sequentially from air to land to water and focuses on birds, land mammals, aquatic life and insects as they work in pairs or groups, or sometimes alone .

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What’s behind Sri Lanka’s crippling debt crisis? https://leopard-center.com/whats-behind-sri-lankas-crippling-debt-crisis/ Fri, 20 May 2022 06:08:27 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/whats-behind-sri-lankas-crippling-debt-crisis/

Sri Lanka is undergoing a large-scale economic collapse and political crisis, with every chance of further violent unrest. Last week, the Speaker of Parliament warned of an impending hunger crisis. This week ‘new’ prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, a septuagenarian in his fifth term as prime minister since the 1990s, warned the country was running out of gas and desperately needed $75 million in foreign currency to pay for essential imports to avoid social collapse.

For months, the government of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has struggled to cope with an inflationary spiral and a lack of foreign exchange reserves that has led to shortages of food, fuel and medicine, and repeated power cuts. In recent weeks, public anger has spilled over into the streets. There have been several cabinet reshuffles and unsuccessful attempts to form a government of national unity.

But so far Rajapaksa has hung on – albeit without a fully functioning government – ​​partly because the opposition is unwilling to fix its mess.

What caused the crisis?

A mixture of long-term factors and short-term triggers. Sri Lanka’s economy has long been dominated by export-oriented crops and, more recently, by the garment industry. Its economy is therefore highly vulnerable to global economic downturns and external shocks, with declining exports leading to regular balance of payments crises from the mid-1960s.

Yet so far, after independence, Sri Lanka has never defaulted on its sovereign debt and has been relatively successful by South Asian standards.

What went wrong?

Gotabaya Rajapaksa comes from one of Sri Lanka’s dominant political families whose influence dates back to the 1930s. In 2005, Mahinda Rajapaksa, Gotabaya’s brother, was elected president, and many other family members have since held positions of responsibility.

Even before the Rajapaksas took power, “financial problems were brewing,” Karl Schultz told Bloomberg. During the family’s first term (during the presidency of Gotabaya’s brother, Mahinda, in 2005-2015), the government took out large loans from China to invest in infrastructure projects. But many of them have stalled, and external debt has more than doubled between 2010 and 2020.

Things got worse from 2019, due to a combination of terrible luck and disastrous political decisions. In April that year, Sri Lanka’s thriving $4.4 billion tourism sector was hit hard by a series of church bombings that killed nearly 300 people, including foreign nationals. .

What was the effect?

Tourism collapsed by up to 80%, then the following spring the pandemic hit, making any recovery impossible. Together, these coups would have defied any government. But the Rajapaksas have proven unequal to the task. Gotabaya Rajapaksa was popular for ending the 26-year civil war as head of the defense ministry in 2009 when Mahinda was president.

Although accused of war crimes in the fight against the Tamil Tigers – and of corruption – he was elected by an overwhelming majority in 2019 on a security-focused platform following the attacks. He then brought back Mahinda as prime minister, along with several other relatives as ministers. But “unlimited authority seems to have gone to the heads of the Rajapaksas,” says The Economist.

What did the Rajapaksas do wrong?

First, they immediately imposed massive but unaffordable tax cuts that seriously weakened government finances, despite warnings that they were recklessly dangerous. They then failed to reverse the trend as the pandemic brought tourism to a halt, downgrades closed the door to new borrowing and foreign exchange reserves dwindled.

Then, with the rapidly deteriorating economy and fiscal situation, in April 2021, the Rajapaksas banned the use of chemical fertilizers to try to save money. The predictable result was chaos and a fall in rice production of between a quarter and a third – and an even bigger collapse for tea, a key export earner.

Although the ban was lifted in November, the damage was done – accelerating the inflationary spiral that was aggravated this spring by the commodity boom following Russia’s attack on Ukraine.

What will happen now?

A formal default looks imminent, and the government’s chances of hanging on seem slim. “This time the threat to the survival of the Rajapaksas is real,” political commentator Kusal Perera told the Financial Times. “They want someone to take over to spread that heat and, after a while, negotiate a way out for them.”

The country must pay $8 billion this year in debt repayments and interest on a $50 billion external debt. But its foreign exchange reserves have now fallen to a few tens of millions of dollars – effectively nothing – leading it to suspend payments last month and start talks with the IMF on a new bailout package.

The government is also seeking new bilateral loans from the United States, China and Japan. Sri Lanka is the “first country to give in” under the growing pressure of the “three-pronged” global crisis, says Larry Elliott in The Guardian – namely, the pandemic, the rising cost of debt and the sharp rise food, fuel and fertilizer prices caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. It’s the first, but it’s unlikely to be the last.

Where’s the next one?

The list is “long and varied,” says Elliott. The trade and development arm of the UN, UNCTAD, recently assessed that 69 countries are currently facing a triple whammy of shocks in the form of rising food prices, rising oil prices, energy and tighter financial conditions.

Of these, 25 nations are in Africa, 25 in Asia and the Pacific, and 19 in Latin America and the Pacific. The IMF has so far opened bailout talks with Egypt and Tunisia – two major wheat importers – and with Pakistan, which has imposed power cuts due to the high cost of imported energy. .

Sub-Saharan African countries at risk are Ghana, Kenya, South Africa and Ethiopia. Argentina recently signed a $45 billion debt deal with the IMF, and other Latin American countries at risk include El Salvador and Peru.

]]> The “greatest show in the world” returns, without the circus animals | Smart News https://leopard-center.com/the-greatest-show-in-the-world-returns-without-the-circus-animals-smart-news/ Thu, 19 May 2022 17:08:38 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/the-greatest-show-in-the-world-returns-without-the-circus-animals-smart-news/

Tiger tamer Alexander Lacey puts his tigers on their feet in one of Ringling Bros.’ final performances. and Barnum & Bailey Circus.
Photo by Michael S. Williamson/The Washington Post via Getty Images

When Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey closed in 2017, it was supposed to be for good. After 146 years of operation, the self-dubbed “The Greatest Show in the World” simply couldn’t keep up with the rapid pace of modern times. Facing animal welfare issues and grim economic realities, the cultural icon folded her tents for what seemed like the last time.

Now, after a five-year hiatus, the show continues. As the New York Times‘Sarah Maslin Nir reports, the circus will reopen next fall and be different from the three-ring extravaganza of old. It will be more story-driven, more online, and most importantly, animal-free.

Jennifer Lemmer Posey, Circus Curator at the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, recounts the New York Times the show had to “react to the world around it in a very flexible way” as modern life has made it “difficult to impress us as before”.

The revamped circus will do its best to generate that admiration in new ways. Feld Entertainment, which also owns Disney on Ice and Monster Jam, is planning an interactive, person-driven show that not only shows off the incredible things humans can do, but also highlights their individual stories (think Cirque du Soleil’s acrobatic abilities). Sun with the background stories of “America’s Got Talent”).

Auditions have been held in cities around the world including Las Vegas, Ethiopia and Mongolia to find talent for the 50+ city tour which will begin on September 28, 2023. Next year will be a whirlwind for the circus , which will begin to repeat in June. Speak Timethe circus will also launch into TikTok and even branded NFTs.

Person in animal costume holding a sign saying "Farewell animal abusers"

A member of PETA celebrates the end of the circus in 2017.

Bruce Bennett/Getty Images

Public outcry over the use of show animals has been one of the factors that has led to declining ticket sales – and costly legal battles – in recent decades. the Guardian reports that Feld Entertainment has been slapped with a number of lawsuits filed by animal rights groups. In 2011, the USDA fined the circus $270,000 after Mother JonesDeborah Nelson has published an investigation showing that circus elephants spent much of their lives chained in place, often in train carriages filled with their own excrement, and their keepers sometimes whipped them with hooked poles called bullhooks.

In 2015, local governments began implementing regulations to protect performing elephants. Some jurisdictions have prohibited the use of bullhooks; others have outright banned playing elephants. According to animal welfare organization Four Paws International, more than 150 localities in 37 states have some sort of regulation related to the use of wild animals for performance purposes today.

As more and more towns effectively opted out of the traveling circus, it retired the use of elephants in 2016. As Smithsonian‘s Theresa Machemer reported in 2020 that around 30 of the circus’ retired elephants were later moved to a conservation center in Florida.

PETA, a leading advocate for ending the use of animals in circuses, applauded the circus overhaul. “Ringling is coming back strong, turning the saddest sight on Earth into a dazzling display of human ingenuity after 146 years of animal abuse,” said Rachel Mathews, PETA Foundation Director of Animal Enforcement. captive animals, in a statement to Kate Gibson of CBS MoneyWatch. .

When the “Greatest Show on Earth” debuted in the late 19th century, show animals were a major part of the attraction. Historian Janet M. Davis writes for Zócalo public square that the circus was a way for Americans – largely isolated in their localities by the country’s vast geography and the oceans separating them from other continents – to explore the wonders of the world, including wildlife. Davis writes that whenever the circus was in town, “everyday life would come to a screeching halt”.

A group of clowns in a boat on stage

Clowns perform in the final Ringling Bros. show. and Barnum & Bailey Circus in 2017.

Bruce Bennett/Getty Images

In 1882, PT Barnum purchased “Jumbo” the elephant from the London Zoological Society, which he claimed was the largest animal in the world. The elephant’s arrival sparked an obsession with Jumbo in the United States, and Barnum even walked Jumbo, along with his 20 other elephants and 17 camels, across the newly opened Brooklyn Bridge in 1884 to allay the concern of the public that he would not support the weight of Circulation.

Animal welfare activists protested Barnum’s Circus early on, and in the 1920s the Ringling Circus briefly stopped using lions and tigers in response to complaints from animal rights groups , writes Davis for PBS. Back then, circuses traveled by train from town to town, a tradition the “world’s greatest show” maintained until it closed in 2017.

The mile-long train is another of the circus relics left behind in the new tour. Performers will travel from city to city by plane or car and stay in hotels instead of the purpose-built train carriages they previously resided in. Not having to worry about allowing and keeping wild animals in different places should save the circus significant sums, perhaps ensuring its survival for another 150 years.

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47 new doctors of veterinary medicine recognized at the start of the new academic year in spring 2022 https://leopard-center.com/47-new-doctors-of-veterinary-medicine-recognized-at-the-start-of-the-new-academic-year-in-spring-2022/ Wed, 18 May 2022 21:09:37 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/47-new-doctors-of-veterinary-medicine-recognized-at-the-start-of-the-new-academic-year-in-spring-2022/

May 18, 2022

TU College of Veterinary Medicine Class of 2022 Pledge Ceremony.

Contact: Anissa Riley, Director of External Affairs, College of Veterinary Medicine

The Tuskegee University College of Veterinary Medicine (TUCVM) Class of 2022 had 47 newly recognized Doctors of Veterinary Medicine on April 30. In-person Veterinary Medicine Oath and Hood Ceremony from College to University Chapel. Thirty of the 47 students graduated with honors. They included four “Summa Cum Laude”, eight “Magna Cum Laude” and 18 “Cum Laude”. Both ceremonies were streamed live for those who weren’t in attendance and are also available on the university’s YouTube channel for anyone who missed them to watch later.

Additionally, at the university’s commencement ceremony, three TUCVM graduates received the Master of Science degree in Veterinary Science (Darius L. Caffey, Twanda H. Collins, and Bria J. Khabeer); two TUCVM graduates received the Ph.D. in Interdisciplinary Pathobiology – IDPB Diploma (Nadia Abdel-Rahman Al-toom and Dequarius A. King) and finally, three graduates received the Ph.D. in Integrative Biosciences – IBS (Joakin O. Mori, Ahmad Bin Abdus Salam and Naresh Shahi). The IBS Ph.D. program is jointly supported by the TUCVM; the College of Agricultural, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences; and the College of Arts and Sciences.

Immediately after the start on April 30, veterinary medicine graduates participated in the Veterinary Medicine Oath and Hood Ceremony where Dr. Ruby L. Perry, Dean of the School of Veterinary Medicine, chaired the program. Dr. Roslyn Casimir, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs; Dr. Ebony Gilbreath, Head of the Department of Pathobiology/Assistant Dean for Clinical Skills and Strategic Initiatives; and Dr. Temesgen Samuel, Associate Dean for Research and Advanced Studies, provided assistance during the presentation and reception of the Class of 2022.

In a personal letter to the TUCVM Class of 2022, Dean Perry said: “The TUCVM family salutes you on your successful journey through the professional program to earn the DVM degree which is the culmination of your academic journey. Although the COVID-19 pandemic still required some adjustments to your learning experience, the class of 2022 persevered and you are to be commended for fitting and finishing STRONG! We congratulate you on your accomplishments and accomplishments over the past four years through your hard work and perseverance, and we look forward to hearing about the accomplishments you will make as veterinary professionals, as leaders, educators and researchers.

Former veterinary student Tiffini Brabham, DVM, PhD, DABT, was the speaker for this year’s Veterinary Medicine Pledge and Hood Ceremony. Dr. Brabham, a class of 1993, is a board-certified toxicologist and currently Chief Scientific Officer at Takeda Pharmaceuticals and also current President of the Tuskegee Veterinary Medical Alumni Association (TVMAA).

She delivered a powerful veterinary swearing-in speech titled “Leadership in a Post-Pandemic World…where Legacy Meets New Modern Success.” During his presentation, Dr. Brabham instructed graduates to live a “3-DIMENSIONAL LIFE, which strives to cultivate personal LENGTH, WIDTH AND HEIGHT”. Dr Brabham also encouraged graduates to let them know their TUCVM family is confident they are prepared. They just have to keep rising to the occasion, just like their veterinary student predecessors.

She said: “You are ALL one-of-a-kind gems able to showcase our years of multi-generational strength. Know that despite everything, there is absolutely nothing you cannot achieve. Just lean on our rich Tuskegee heritage, which has trained 70% of African American veterinarians worldwide.

Dr Brabham concluded, “Class of 2022, chart your own path with profound authenticity, honor and charity. Now that the piton has been passed to you, our amazing graduates, all you have to do is catch… congratulations!”

Dean Perry also honored the winners of CVM’s Distinguished Alumni Awards during the Veterinary Swearing-in Ceremony program. This year’s winners included:

  • veterinary oath speaker, Dr. Tiffini Brabham;
  • Dr. Michael Bailey, board-certified veterinary radiologist with over three decades of experience and currently Medical Director at IDEXX Telemedicine Consultants;
  • Dr. Michael J. Blackwell, retired assistant surgeon general, USPHS and current director of the Companion Animal Health Equity Program at the University of Tennessee and founder of AlignCare Health;
  • Dr. Linda C. Bostick, career practitioner for over three decades and proud owner and principal clinical veterinarian of Riverview Veterinary Hospital; and
  • Dr. Irving McConnell, retired colonel in the US Army Reserve (US Army Civil Affairs Special Operations Command-AIRBORNE) and founder and CEO of The McConnell Group Inc., a health sciences company.

Additionally, as CEO of the McConnell Group, upon acceptance of his award by Dr McConnell, he made a surprise announcement to make a job offer to any TUCVM DVM graduate still in need of a job in as a new veterinarian.

The college’s class of 2022 represents the college’s 73rd class to receive DVM degrees from Tuskegee University. With this graduation, the College of Veterinary Medicine awarded 2,963 veterinary medical degrees.

Due to CDC COVID-19 guidelines, a reception did not follow the live swearing-in ceremony; however, a meal with boxed meals was provided outside the chapel.

To view the Graduate and Vocational Schools Commencement Ceremony and Veterinary Medicine Hood and Oath Ceremony beginning April 30, please visit the following links for Tuskegee University’s YouTube channel: https://www .youtube.com/watch?v=kf8ZzsJPq_8 and https://youtu.be/IOzxKJHPE_g.

About Tuskegee University College of Veterinary Medicine

Located in Alabama as one of two accredited veterinary programs in the state, Tuskegee University College of Veterinary Medicine (TUCVM) was envisioned in 1944 by Dr. Frederick D. Patterson, founder of the United Negro College Fund (UNCF), and officially established in Tuskegee in 1945. TUCVM is the only professional veterinary medicine program located on the campus of a historically black college or university (HBCU) in the United States. The College has educated over 70% of the nation’s African American veterinarians and has been recognized as the most diverse of any veterinary school/college in the nation. The College’s primary mission is to provide an environment that fosters a spirit of active, independent, and self-directed learning, intellectual curiosity, creativity, critical thinking, problem solving, ethics, and leadership; and promotes education, research and services in veterinary medicine and related disciplines. For more information, visit www.tuskegee.edu/vetmed.

© 2022 Tuskegee University

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Cruelty and Animal Welfare – Latest News – The Nation https://leopard-center.com/cruelty-and-animal-welfare-latest-news-the-nation/ Tue, 17 May 2022 19:58:47 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/cruelty-and-animal-welfare-latest-news-the-nation/

It is with extreme concern and love for animals that I write this letter to you. I have always loved animals, especially lions alongside many others. Seeing such wild animals that are supposed to be free in the jungle is sad, dying alone in cages without food or proper medical care. It is not only in zoos that one finds such animals, various thugs in Pakistan regard the keeping and control of lions as a symbol of elitism. The owners who keep them have fun torturing such beautiful wildlife thinking that controlling the king of the jungle would make them the king of this land. Alas! They have all forgotten how forbidden in Islam it is to unjustly torture an animal and how rewarding it is to help an animal in need.

Also, for the past two years, I have actively observed and sometimes helped several stray dogs and abandoned puppies on my own. I have observed that there is a stigma and taboo associated with dogs in our country. It’s so bad that even a four-year-old wouldn’t miss an opportunity to chase them away with several stones in his hand. That said, I don’t deny the idea of ​​self-defense or Islamic rulings on keeping a pet dog, but I do believe Islam doesn’t promote cruelty either. Also, on the other side, families here have made it a business to own pedigree dogs like German Shepherds or Labrador Retrievers. After mating them, they then sell their puppies at high prices. This excessive breeding is done without thinking that giving birth to six or six puppies twice a year can also be extremely exhausting for the female dog, in turn making her more aggressive in the years to come. If the dog continues to behave this way, the owners simply abandon them, which in turn increases the chances of a dog bite.

It tears me apart every time I see such cruelty to animals, but sadly, like many others, I’m not a rich girl with a lot of resources who could take any action and help these animals in the need. However, I just want to ask the Government of Pakistan to take legal action against these culprits by revoking their licenses and imposing heavy fines which can then be passed on to people working for stray animals. I also urge our respective authorities to draw up appropriate regulations in favor of stray animals, against the domestication of wild animals and animal cruelty. Finally, to all citizens of Pakistan, in these extreme heat waves in South Asia, put cool water on your balconies, roofs and outside your homes. Please don’t throw stones or irritate street dogs unnecessarily, give them some biscuits and protect yourself from dog bites. Animal welfare is a responsibility that is not only limited to governments but also to all humans. It may cost you money, but rest assured that the blessings you will derive from your good deeds are innumerable.

  1. Muben Ashraf,

Washington DC.


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Africa demands “a fair international financial architecture” | The new times https://leopard-center.com/africa-demands-a-fair-international-financial-architecture-the-new-times/ Tue, 17 May 2022 13:16:12 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/africa-demands-a-fair-international-financial-architecture-the-new-times/

Calls for a fair international financial architecture grew on Monday (May 16) in Dakar, Senegal.

The call was made by President Macky Sall during the Annual Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development, ECA’s largest annual event where participants debate key issues concerning the development of the continent. . It also discusses the performance of the think tank in carrying out its mandate.

The Senegalese leader who is also the chairman of the African Union did not mince his words.

He highlighted the injustice that Africa continues to suffer due to, among other things, the existing unjust international financial architecture.

The hybrid event jointly organized by ECA and the Government of Senegal is themed “Financing Africa’s Recovery: Innovating”.

Sall noted that given the prevailing conditions, the parameters that enable global economic governance are outdated and unsuited to reality.

In addition to the devastating impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, Africa is facing a new food, fuel and fertilizer crisis that is reverberating around the world as the Russian-Ukrainian war creates disruptions in global trade and basic products. Food prices would be 34% higher than at the same time last year. Crude oil prices rose by around 60% while gas and fertilizer prices more than doubled.

African economies are in a general state of fatigue, Sall said.

“The least we can say is that our economies are in a state of general fatigue, the extent and duration of which, unfortunately, we cannot yet measure. And that’s a problem,” President Sall said.

Sall reiterated his call for, among other things, a more active fight against tax evasion and illicit financial flows. The AU chairperson recently called for the creation of a pan-African credit rating agency, noting that the arbitrary nature of the rating system by international organizations made it more expensive for African countries to borrow in global markets. debt.

Overall, when talking about an international financial architecture that is not fair and not in Africa’s interest, experts have referred to the “African premium” in which some countries are similarly ranked, like Morocco and Greece, but the former pays more. interest rates just because it’s in Africa.

The establishment of the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) under the unfavorable quota system favors wealthy nations, which are then used to justify successive smaller allocations and votes to Africa whose needs far exceed those of wealthier nations. rich.

President Macky Sall delivers remarks at the Annual Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development in Dakar on May 16.

In March 2021, frustrated by slow access to Covid-19 vaccines and funding for vaccine equity, African finance ministers unanimously agreed to draw on reserves from the International Monetary Fund (IMF ). At the time, ministers stressed the need for a swift, bold and positive response on Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) in the range of 500-650 billion to stop the devastating impact of the pandemic on the continent. and increasing Africa’s access to liquidity. An SDR is an interest-bearing international reserve asset created by the IMF to supplement other reserve assets of member countries.

In August 2021, the IMF approved a general SDR allocation equivalent to $650 billion (about SDR 456 billion) to boost global liquidity. The newly created SDRs were credited to IMF member countries in proportion to their existing Fund quotas. About $275 billion (about SDR 193 billion) of the new allocation would go to emerging markets and developing countries, including low-income countries.

Experts note that recent new SDR allocations are aimed at short-term balance of payments challenges and not Africa’s long-term investment needs such as infrastructure. Even if developed countries can surrender these SDRs, experts say, they can still recall these SDRs on short notice, forcing Africa to borrow again somewhere to repay.

Then there are conditionalities that systematically prevent Africa from meeting its most basic and urgent socio-economic needs, such as health, when the IFIs call for fiscal consolidation.

During a working breakfast with African finance ministers on Monday, Vera Songwe, the executive secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), also noted that the continent needs a change in the global financial architecture.

She said, “And we need to make sure that changes to the system are in Africa’s interest and not against it. These changes may not happen tomorrow, but the discussions need to happen today.

“What can we do to have a stronger voice to ensure that the new instruments we seek are aligned with the development system we want? »

United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa, Vera Songwe, addresses the 54th session of the Conference of Ministers of the Economic Commission for Africa in Dakar.

Amadou Hott, Senegalese Minister of Finance and Economy, said the international financial architecture is not fair for Africa.

“The cost of capital is an example, where African sovereigns pay up to 200 basis points more than their counterparts with a similar risk profile. How can we get the right price, as risk ratings are affected by subjective criteria. The same intrinsic risk will get a different rating elsewhere,” Hott said.

Serge Ekoué – President of the West African Development Bank, said: “Our commercial banks, our development banks, our companies, they are all undercapitalised. This is a key question. So unless we solve the capital problem, we won’t find solutions in raising capital. »

Key Features of Inequity in the Global Financial Landscape

On Tuesday, Douglas Kigabo Bitonda, an economist in ECA’s Macroeconomics Division, shed light on key features of injustice in the global financial landscape.

He said The new times that IMF-SDR allocations (based on a country’s equity participation in the IMF) are highly unfair to Africa, allowing African countries to benefit from only a tiny fraction of the total amount.

“For example, out of $650 billion allocated in 2020, Africa only got about 5% ($21 billion),” he noted.

Then there is the conditionality of access to loans and support from multilateral institutions, such as a budget deficit not exceeding 5% of GDP. “This severely limits the ability of African countries to access international concessional finance,” he said.

“There are also unfair credit ratings of Africa by international credit rating agencies, which increases the perceived risk of investing in Africa. As a result, this imposes a restriction on access to capital markets, as the cost of borrowing is inflated by the high risk premium.

jkaruhanga@newtimesrwanda.com

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UF Department of Ecology and Wildlife Conservation’s Inclusion, Diversity, Equity, and Access Committee takes initiative to oppose FDOH recommendations for treatment of gender dysphoria in children https://leopard-center.com/uf-department-of-ecology-and-wildlife-conservations-inclusion-diversity-equity-and-access-committee-takes-initiative-to-oppose-fdoh-recommendations-for-treatment-of-gender-dysphoria-in-children/ Mon, 16 May 2022 21:22:47 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/uf-department-of-ecology-and-wildlife-conservations-inclusion-diversity-equity-and-access-committee-takes-initiative-to-oppose-fdoh-recommendations-for-treatment-of-gender-dysphoria-in-children/

BY JENNIFER CABRERA

A statement drafted by the Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation’s Inclusion, Diversity, Equity, and Access Committee is being circulated to several departments at the University of Florida (UF), asking UF faculty, postdoctoral fellows, students, and staff to “call the UF President, UF Provost, UF Faculty Senate, and Dean of the UF College of Medicine to publicly support the use of best practices accepted by major U.S. medical organizations to guide Florida Department of Health policy on transgender and gender-nonconforming adolescent health care.

The letter is in response to April 20 guidelines from the Florida Department of Health (FDOH), in which Florida Surgeon General Joseph Ladapo says current federal government guidelines fail “at the most basic level of academic rigor. adding that “Countries such as Sweden, Finland, France and the UK are currently reviewing, reassessing, discontinuing or advising caution on the treatment of gender dysphoria in children and adolescents.”

The FDOH’s advice is based on their assertion that “current evidence does not support the use of puberty blockers, hormone treatments, or surgical procedures for children and adolescents.”

The Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Inclusion, Diversity, Equity and Access Committee (Committee) cites advice from the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Medical Association, American Psychiatric Association, Endocrine Society and the World Professional Association for Transgender Health and says that Dr. Ladapo encourages “harmful denial of health care that meets standards accepted and endorsed by the AAP and other leading American medical organizations for transgender children and adolescents and of various kinds.

The Committee questions Dr. Ladapo’s expertise in transgender medicine but does not explain why the Department of Ecology and Wildlife Conservation is taking the lead. The Committee writes, “It is incumbent upon us to speak up when academic authority is misused to facilitate state-sponsored harm to children and adolescents by attacking their (and their parents’) rights to care. health.

The letter currently has 16 pages of signatures, many from faculty and staff. While some come from doctors and medical schools, the majority come from other departments, including the Florida Museum of Natural History, the Department of Classics, the Department of English, the Department of Plant Pathology, the Department of Linguistics, the Center for Latin American Studies, IFAS, Department of Land and Urban Planning, School of Music, College of Education, Department of Physics, and others.

After reading the Committee’s letter, Jeremy Redfern, Dr. Ladapo’s press secretary, sent us the following statement: “The Surgeon General is sticking to the guidelines, as they speak for themselves. Consensus is not science, and the burden of proof rests with those who claim benefit for these life-changing medical procedures. Unlike lobby groups, such as the American Medical Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Florida Department of Health is a government agency mandated by law to protect the health and well-being of more than 22 million Floridians. , of which more than 4 million are under the age of 18.


]]> Sibanye-Stillwater raises first tonnes of R4bn, 4,000 jobs K4 platinum project https://leopard-center.com/sibanye-stillwater-raises-first-tonnes-of-r4bn-4000-jobs-k4-platinum-project/ Mon, 16 May 2022 13:32:00 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/sibanye-stillwater-raises-first-tonnes-of-r4bn-4000-jobs-k4-platinum-project/

JOHANNESBURG (miningweekly.com) – The first tons have been hoisted at Marikana K4, Sibanye-Stillwater’s high-yield platinum-group metals (PGM) recovery project, which was largely pre-developed and outfitted when acquired with the late Lonmin in 2019.

“The K4 project is an unrivaled and industry-leading project in the PGM industry that will provide significant value and benefits to all stakeholders for many years to come,” said Sibanye-Stillwater CEO. Neal Froneman stated in a statement to Weekly mining.

Sibanye-Stillwater, listed in Johannesburg and New York, is investing R4 billion in the project which, in addition to creating more than 4,000 direct jobs over its 50-year life, generates local business opportunities and provides development economy and valuable skills. transfers for communities.

K4 this month became the sixth shaft at the large Marikana PGMs mining complex, located on the western branch of the Bushveld complex, 40 km east of the town of Rustenburg in the North West African province. from South.

Overall, Marikana has PGM Four Element (4E) Mineral Reserves of 22.3 million ounces and PGM 4E Mineral Resources of 128 million ounces, estimates which include tailings.

K4 will access both Merensky and Upper Group 2 (UG2) reefs at an average of 250,000 oz/yr at steady state, with its main shaft spanning 1,332m and its vertical shaft up to at a depth of 1078 m.

The associated surface infrastructure is largely in place with only minor renovations required and the K4 mill is fully operational, at a design capacity of 130,000 t of Merensky reef and UG2 per month.

K4 joins operations such as K3, Rowland, Saffy, 4Belt and E3. Conventional down-dip mining, combined with limited mining, is the predominant mining method used.

Ore mined at the Marikana operation is processed by on-site concentrators with a combined crushing capacity of 600,000 tonnes per month. The concentrate produced is sent to the smelter where a sulphide-rich matte is produced for further processing at the Base Metal Refinery (BMR). At BMR, the base metals (nickel and copper) are removed and the resulting PGM-rich tailings are then sent to the Sibanye-Stillwater Precious Metals Refinery (PMR) at Brakpan on the East Rand for processing. final treatment. PMR produces the end products in precious metals.

Sibanye-Stillwater’s Southern Africa PGM operations consist of three managed underground operations producing PGMs – Marikana, Rustenburg and Kroondal – as well as an open pit operation at Kroondal and all associated surface treatment facilities in South Africa .

Additionally, the PGM segment has a 50% attributable share in the Mimosa mine, an unmanaged underground operation in Zimbabwe.

The Rustenburg operations are served by four hubs and the Kroondal operations by two hubs.

In addition to primary mining operations, the group has several tailings reprocessing operations.

Exploration assets include Akanani, which is located on the northern branch of the Bushveld Igneous Complex near the town of Mokopane, the Limpopo exploration project, located 50 km southeast of Mokopane, and the Blue Ridge Platinum Exploration, a 50% owned joint venture.

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Majestic, playful, great spectators: meet the African lions at the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo | Way of life https://leopard-center.com/majestic-playful-great-spectators-meet-the-african-lions-at-the-cheyenne-mountain-zoo-way-of-life/ Sun, 15 May 2022 16:13:34 +0000 https://leopard-center.com/majestic-playful-great-spectators-meet-the-african-lions-at-the-cheyenne-mountain-zoo-way-of-life/

With elegant grace, 10-year-old Abuto walks through his exhibit at the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo and heads for the stuffed hard-boiled eggs inside an enrichment toy.

The magnificent mane of the African lion would even make the Breck Girl envious. And thank you, there’s a solid barrier between you and this 519-pound cat.

“You look at him and think wow, such a beautiful and amazing animal, and then you work with him and realize he’s just a big jerk,” said Amy Schilz, African Rift Valley Senior Warden. “He loves interacting with people and he’s really good at learning behaviors. I love it. He’s my work husband.

His 6-year-old daughter Elsa follows in his footsteps on this sunny morning, a vivacious and playful girl who loves her daddy and expresses that affection as any little girl might – by stalking her daddy and jumping on him.

“She’ll hide behind things that aren’t really big enough to hide a lion, but she thinks as long as her eyes are covered and she can’t see them, they can’t see her,” Schilz said. . “She will hide behind a 6 inch boomer ball. Girlfriend, you weigh 300 pounds.